Impermissible Names for Children

The following question was put to the marja`: 

What is the ruling on giving a child names like `Abdun-Nabi (Slave of the Prophet) or `Abdur-Rasul (Servant of the Messenger) and is this in accordance with the rulings of the four madhhabs?

Are these types of names minor shirk according to the opinion held by some people?

The marja`, Imam `Abdur-Rahman Ash-Shami, may Allah preserve him, answered with what follows: 

It is not permitted to name a child in this fashion. If someone gave a child a name such as this and intended by that the real meaning of the expression, then this would indeed be minor shirk.

Taken from the website of the maraji`

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Men Wearing their Hair Long or Short

The following question was asked of a marja`:

Which of the following two actions for the man is the sunnah: lengthening the hair on the head or cutting it short?

 

The marja,` Imam `Abdur-Rahman Ash-Shami, may Allah preserve him, answered with what follows:

It is authentically narrated from the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, that he either kept his hair long or cut it so that it was all one length. Thus to lengthen it is permitted but to shorten it is also permitted.

What is impermissible is doing either of these actions in order to imitate rebellious sinners in their conduct or lifestyle.

Taken from the website of the maraji`

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Innovations in Ramadan/Qur’an Completions

The following question was asked of a marja`:

We have a very good custom that we carry out when completing the Qur’an in the month of Ramadan. There are a number of Qur’an completions that are done every night in a masjid.

My question is to do with the prayer of Tarawih in which the imam of the prayer recites from Surat ud-Duha (93) to Surat un-Nas (114). After every surah the imam recites, both he and the congregation say aloud in one voice:

There is no god but Allah. Allah is the Greatest and Allah deserves all praise.

The imam in the prayer then makes the takbir and bows down. Is this permissible?

Likewise there are other specific statements of dhikr that we have that are said aloud after every two raka`ah of Tarawih.

What is said is,

Bounty, Favour, Forgiveness and Mercy are from Allah. Encompasser in Forgiveness! Allah!

After every four raka`ah, they then make that same dhikr and then they make intercession aloud with the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him and the four khalifahs by saying:

At Badr, Muhammad. Blessings be upon him and our master Abu Bakr As-Siddiq, may Allah be pleased with him, and may Allah benefit us in this life and the Hereafter. Allah!

 And our master `Umar Al-Faruq, may Allah be pleased with him, and may Allah benefit us in this life and the Hereafter. Allah!

And our master `Uthman ibn `Affan, may Allah be pleased with him, and may Allah benefit us in this life and the Hereafter. Allah!

And our master `Ali Ibn Abi Talib, may Allah be pleased with him, and may Allah benefit us in this life and the Hereafter. Allah!

 

The marja,` Imam `Abdur-Rahman Ash-Shami, may Allah preserve him, answered with what follows:

What you have mentioned of their doings in the prayer has not been narrated and is not to besought.

As for the statements of dhikr that they are making after every two raka`ah and the like, the best thing to do is to leave that and take hold of the Sunnah in that regard.

Taken from the website of the maraji`

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Health Clubs, Bathhouses, Saunas and Swimming Pools

The following question was asked of a marja`:

In the Name of Allah, the Merciful, the Compassionate

Peace and blessings of Allah be upon our Master Muhammad and upon his family and Companions.

We have buildings in our midst named youth centres and bathhouses. This expression refers to large bathhouses and steam rooms that have designated times for women and men to attend separately.

There is much exposure of nakedness without reason especially among the women who disrobe in front of one another. This is in spite of the fact that the bathhouse owner has left out free garments that could be used by them to cover themselves during these times.

The question has to do with the fact that I am an owner of such a bathhouse and I fear that my sustenance might be impermissible due to this issue. Also keep in mind that I am Maliki in madhhab.

What is the ruling in this matter and what is the boundary of what is permitted and what is not in this regard? Please benefit us with what will give us a good end that Allah might seal you and I in the same way that His Purified and Saints were sealed. Amin.

Peace and blessings of Allah be upon our master Muhammad, his family and Companions.

 

The marja,` Imam `Abdur-Rahman Ash-Shami, may Allah preserve him, answered with what follows:

Women specifically don’t need to go to bathhouses and saunas in this current age of ours as it is easy enough for them to use steaming and bathhouse functions in their homes. In this age women’s going out to bathhouses and saunas is a source of manifest corruption.

Take the bathhouse that you own and convert it into a bathhouse exclusively for men and move on from that point.

It is necessary that you warn these men to uphold the standard of the Revealed Law in all their actions while on the premises with regard to covering nakedness.

If you are in a land where the houses have no place where ghusl and the like can be done – and this is very rare indeed – and the women desire to go and make ghusl or bathe, then there is no harm in them doing this insofar as they adhere to the principles of the Revealed Law; namely, there should be a partition or separation between the women’s and men’s quarters.

These bathhouses/saunas should have employees on hand in the women’s areas, assisting and enjoining them to maintain proper decorum and cover their nakedness in the presence of one another.

Taken from the website of the maraji`

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Valid Reasons for Cutting the Beard

The following question was asked of a marja`:

What is the ruling on shaving the beard without a valid reason in the Revealed Law? What would be the ruling on plucking hair away from the cheeks or removing it with a razor in the following circumstances?

  1. There is an upright man with a beard but he wants to remove some of the hair as part of general upkeep and hygiene regarding the beard.
  2. Someone has a beard but wants to beautify it, so he is removing some hair to accomplish the goal.
  3. A man shaves the beard for a valid reason in the Revealed Law
  4. Another man shaves the beard without a valid reason in the Revealed Law

Finally, what is the ruling on shaving some of the beard and leaving a part of it? What I mean by this is that I would like to know the ruling on the goatee?

The marja,` Imam `Abdur-Rahman Ash-Shami, may Allah preserve him, answered with what follows:

It is impermissible to shave the beard according to the vast majority of the scholars of fiqh. If it was shaved on account of some real and dire emergency,[1] then there is no harm in that. What you have referred to as the goatee is not permissible to be done to the beard.

As for men plucking hair from their faces, then this is not permitted either unless it becomes bushy and unkempt. In that case it would be permissible to clip or cut it.

When discussing men cutting hair on the face according to certain customary habits or trends, then this is disliked as has been discussed by the leading figures of the Hanbali School.

Taken from the website of the maraji`

[1] Ar. darurah haqiqiyyah.

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Unequivocal Statement on Shaving the Beard

The following question was asked of a marja`:

What is the ruling on shaving the beard?

 

The marja,` Imam `Abdur-Rahman Ash-Shami, may Allah preserve him, answered with what follows:

Praise be to Allah and peace and blessings be upon our Master, the Messenger of Allah, his family and Companions.

Regarding the question put forward, I will quote the hadith in the collection of Imam Al-Bukhari in which the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said, “Be different to the idol worshippers. Leave the beards be and par the moustaches.”

The scholars of fiqh from the Malikis, Hanafis and Hanbalis have explicitly stated that it is impermissible to shave the beard. They hold that the wording in the hadith…”be different to the idol worshippers…” and …”leave the beard…” is a directive that is compulsory.

The only dispute is that some of the high ranking leaders of the Shafi`ii scholars hold the position that it is merely disliked to shave it but others in their madhhab do not agree with them on that.

This discussion was mentioned by the Shaikh, Muhammad Al-Hamid in his small research on the topic of shaving the beard.

The dominant and most preponderant position is that which the vast majority of the scholars of fiqh have settled upon, namely that it is impermissible to shave it.

And Allah is sufficient for me to give success in tendering this reply.

Taken from the website of the maraji`

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Businesses Avoiding Justified Taxes

The following question was asked of a marja`:

As-Salaamu `Alaikum,

We live in a European country that has value taxes that are very high. Keeping this in mind, what is the ruling on Muslims here that evade paying the complete taxes? By that I mean that they avoid taxes by way of deception and trickery.

So when one of them owns a convenience store and the end of the month comes, he does not record and fill out all the invoices for the state or he changes or makes distortions in the buying in and selling book with regards to incomings and outgoings.

In doing this he pays very little tax as in the estimation of the state he has earned very little profit, knowing good and well that these taxes that are given to the country go towards children, the disabled and others who are unable to work. So what is the ruling in this regard?

 

The marja,` Imam `Abdur-Rahman Ash-Shami, may Allah preserve him, answered with what follows:

You are obliged to adhere to the laws of the country that you are in with regard to that matter and with regard to the generality of the taxes that are to be paid.

Taken from the website of the maraji`

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Carbonated Drinks/Soft Drinks

The following question was asked of a marja`:

As-Salaamu `Alaikum,

When it is established with certainty that drinking carbonated drinks/soft drinks is harmful, at that point does drinking them become impermissible?

Thank you very much for taking the time to answer the question.

 

The marja,` Imam `Abdur-Rahman Ash-Shami, may Allah preserve him, answered with what follows:

When it is established by the statement of a body of trustworthy specialists that carbonated drinks/soft drinks do indeed cause harm, then at that point they do indeed become impermissible to drink.

The same position holds when the ingredients are shown to contain primarily impermissible things, i.e. alcohol and the like.

Taken from the website of the maraji`

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Gatherings of Dhikr in One Voice

The following question was asked of a marja`:

As-Salaamu `Alaikum wa Rahmatullah,

Noble shaikh of the Shafi`ii school. I had a question. My name is Mahdi Lock. I am English but based in Morocco. What is the ruling on group dhikr in which the gathering is making the dhikr in one voice?

What have the senior scholars, such as Imams An-Nawawi and others said on this subject? May Allah reward you for your time to answer this question.

The marja,` Imam Ahmad Hasan, may Allah preserve him, answered with what follows:

Imam An-Nawawi said the following in his commentary on the Hadith Collection of Imam Muslim ibn Al-Hajjaj, vol.17, pp.13-15 under the hadith, ‘Indeed Allah has angels that travel around, seeking the gatherings of dhikr’:

“It is established in this hadith the virtue of dhikr, its’ gatherings and sitting with the people of dhikr.”

Taken from the website of the maraji`

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Zakah on Jewelry

The following question was asked of a marja`:

Is Zakah due on gold that is in the form of jewelry and what is the minimum amount required for zakah to be due? How should I go about calculating the minimum amount? Thank you and may Allah reward you.

The marja,` Imam Ahmad Hasan, may Allah preserve him, answered with what follows:

There is no zakah due on gold that is in the form of jewelry as long as there is no extravagance or waste. What is meant by extravagance and waste is whatever exceeds what is understood customarily as such.

Taken from the website of the maraji`

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